Assessment of İzmir Halkapınar Water Pump Station for its Conservation as Industrial Heritage

Project No2017İYTE58
Supported by
Project DirectorProf.Dr. Başak İPEKOĞLU
Researcherİdil Ece ŞENER
Project Budget2000 TL
Project Term02.01.2018 – 02.01.2019

The water need of the society living in the cities during the Ottoman period was provided through fountains, cisterns and various transmission lines. With the opening of new settlement areas and the increase in population in Ottoman cities in the 19th century, the need for water in the cities increased, and the old facilities were insufficient to meet the need. In this period, with the industrial development in Europe, new technologies were used in water distribution and storage. Water companies were established in important port cities such as Istanbul, Izmir, Thessaloniki and Beirut in order to deliver water to the city, with the privileges granted to foreign companies by the Ottoman Empire. One of these water companies, “Compagnie Ottomane des Eaux de Smyrne” (İzmir Waters Ottoman Company) was established in 1895, İzmir as a result of the concessions received by a Belgian company. This company has built the Halkapınar water pumping station by choosing the Halkapınar lake as a source in the region, which is also called the Diana Baths. In addition to being the main pump building, this building is also the first modern water facility in İzmir. The building still partially maintains its original function today. İzmir Halkapınar water pumping station has historical value as a rare structure that is one of the industrial heritage examples of İzmir. The water pumping station building, the auxiliary buildings in the north and the historical water collection structure in the east form a historical facility. Although Neoclassical architectural elements were designed more commonly in the buildings in İzmir during the 19th century, Orientalist architectural elements are seen in the Halkapınar water pump building.

In addition, the equipment of the pump system in the building has the value of a historical document showing the technology of the period. The aim of this project is to examine the building on-site, analyze its architectural and structural features, the installation system and its elements, determine its structural problems and original values, and evaluate the problems for conservation.